• Faithful to my Homeland, the Republic of Poland
  • NEWS

  • 29 April 2019

    The Day of the Polish Flag is celebrated on 2 May. On this day, Poles reflect upon the long history of the red-and-white national colours, and proudly fly flags outside their homes. In 2002, the Sejm of the Republic of Poland established the Polish Diaspora and Poles Abroad Day to be celebrated on 2 May in recognition of the "long-standing achievements and contribution of the Polish diaspora and Poles living abroad in helping Poland regain its independence, of their loyalty and attachment to their Polish identity, as well as of their assistance to the homeland in times of need."

    Polish national colours, which is a rarity are of heraldic origin. They derive from the colours of the coat of arms of the Kingdom of Poland and the coat of arms of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In the Polish flag, the white is a reference to the white of the Eagle, which features on the coat of arms of Poland, and to the white of Pahonia – a knight galloping on horseback, which features on the coat of arms of Lithuania, both againstred background. On the flag, the white stripe is placed above the red stripe because in Polish heraldry, the tincture of the charge has priority over the tincture of the field.

    The red-and-white colours were first recognised as national colours on 3 May 1792, on the first anniversary of the signing of the May Constitution. They were officially adopted as the colours of the Polish State by the Sejm of the Kingdom of Poland in 1831, during the November Uprising. After Poland regained independence, the design of the Polish flag was approved by the Legislative Sejm on 1 August 1919.

    The Polish Flag Day has been officially celebrated since 2004.


    Poland’s government recognises the special role of the Polish diaspora and considers the cooperation with Polish communities abroad to be one of its priorities. In his address to the Polish Sejm in March this year, Foreign Minister Jacek Czaputowicz stressed that "we would like our compatriots to become an important ally of the government in promoting Poland’s national interest, culture, national memory and historical narrative.”

    We believe that this jubilee is important for all our compatriots, no matter where they live, and therefore especially on this day we reach out to Poles abroad thanking them for their work and commitment to their country.

    According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, about 20 million Poles and people of Polish origin currently live outside Poland. Many of them remained in the eastern territories after the state’s borders shifted, whereas others moved abroad more recently and make up Polish communities in Western countries. The largest Polish community is in the United States, where over 9.6 million people declared to be of Polish origin (2012).


    MFA Press Office




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